Hanoi has been Vietnam’s capital city since the reunification of North and South Vietnam in 1976. October 2010 officially marked 1000 years since the establishment of the city. The Hanoi Ceramic Mosaic Mural is a 4 km ceramic mosaic mural created to mark the occasion.
Hanoi is located in northern region of Vietnam, situated in the Vietnam’s Red River delta, nearly 90 km (56 mi) away from the coastal area. Hanoi contains three basic kind of terrain, which are the delta area, the midland area and mountainous zone. In general, the terrain is gradually lower from the north to the south and from the west to the east, with the average height ranging from 5 to 20 meters above the sea level. The hills and mountainous zones are located in the northern and western part of the city. The highest peak is at Ba Vi with 1281 m, located in the western part of the region.
In 2009, it was estimated at 2.6 million for urban districts and 6.5 million for the metropolitan jurisdiction.
Ten urban districts: Hoan Kiem, Ba Dinh, Dong Da, Hai Ba Trung, Tay Ho, Thanh Xuan, Cau Giay, Long Bien, Hoang Mai, Ha Dong.
One town: Son Tay
Rural districts: Dong Anh, Soc Son, Thanh Tri, Dong Anh, Soc Son, Thanh Tri, Tu Liem, Gia Lam, Ba Vi, Chuong My, Dan Phuong, Hoai Duc, My Duc, Phu Xuyen, Phu Tho, Quoco Oai, Thach That, Thanh Oai, Thuong Tin, Ung Hoa, Me Linh.
Hà Nội is situated in a tropical monsoon zone with two main seasons.
During the dry season: which lasts from October to April, it is cold and there is very little rainfall, except from January to March, when the weather is still cold but there is some light rain.
The wet season: from May to September, is hot with heavy rains and storms.
Both are perfect for travelers to visit Hanoi.
Hà Nội is a sacred land of Việt Nam. In the 3rd century BC, Cổ Loa (actually belonging to Đông Anh District) was chosen as the capital of the Âu Lạc Nation of Thục An Dương Vương (the King Thục).
Hà Nội later became the core of the resistance movements against the Northern invasions.
Located in the middle of the Red River Delta, the town has gradually expanded to become a very populous and rich residential center. At different periods, Hà Nội had been selected as the capital city of Việt Nam under the Northern domination. In the autumn of Canh Tuất lunar years (1010), Lý Thái Tổ, the founder of the Lý Dynasty (1010-1225), decided to transfer the capital from Hoa Lư to Đại La, and so he re-capitalized it Thăng Long (Soaring Dragon). The year 1010 then became a historical date for Hà Nội and for the whole country in general. For about a thousand years, the capital was called Thăng Long, then changing to Đông Đô, Đông Kinh, and finally to Hà Nội, in 1831. This sacred piece of land thereafter continued to be the theater of many fateful events.
Throughout thousand years of its eventful history, marked by destruction, wars and natural calamities, Hà Nội still preserves many ancient architectural works including the Old Quarter and over 600 pagodas and temples. Famous sites include the One Pillar Pagoda (built in 1049), the Temple of Literature (built in 1070), Hà Nội Citadel, Hà Nội Opera House, President Hồ Chí Minh's Mausoleum, and so on.
Hà Nội also characteristically contains 18 beautiful lakes such as Hoàn Kiếm Lake, West Lake, and Trúc Bạch Lake, which are the lungs of the city, with their surrounding gardens and trees providing a vital source of energy.
Many traditional handicrafts are also practiced in Hà Nội including bronze molding, silver carving, lacquer, and embroidery. Hà Nội has many famous traditional professional handicraft villages such as Bát Tràng pottery village, Ngũ Xã bronze casting village, Yên Thái glossy silk village.
+ By road: Hà Nội is 93km from Ninh Bình, 102km from Hải Phòng, 153km from Thanh Hóa, 151km from Hạ Long, 474km from Điện Biên Phủ, 658km from Huế, 763km from Đà Nẵng, and 1,710km from Hồ Chí Minh City.
+ By air: Nội Bài International Airport, over 35km from the city center, is one of the biggest airports of the country with various international and domestic routes. There are domestic flights from Hà Nội to Đà Nẵng, Điện Biên, Hồ Chí Minh, Huế, Nha Trang and international flights to many countries in over the world.
+ By train: Hà Nội Railway Station is Việt Nam's main railway station. It is the starting point of five railway lines leading to almost every province in Việt Nam